Last Update: Monday, Jun 01, 2015 access

PG

 

  • Decrease font Middle font Enlarge font Extralarge font
 

What is the Right to Health?

What is the Right to Health?

Clara, Praha




Answered by A. Haroutyunyan

Health is one of the components of an adequate standard of living. Historically, the protection of public health has been accompanied by legal regulation - health law is as old as law itself. Its development demonstrates that the state of an individual’s health is often determined by factors beyond a person’s medical condition.

The right to health includes access to adequate health care (medical, preventative, and mental), nutrition, sanitation, and to clean water and air. It also includes occupational health consequences such as chronic injuries and diseases resulting from unhealthy and hazardous working conditions. This does not mean that an individual has the right to be healthy since no government can assure a specific state of health. The state of health depends on the person’s genetic makeup, and is molded by environment and health interventions.

The minimum requirements are:

    • Availability - public health care facilities must exist in sufficient quantity. At a minimum, this includes safe drinking water, adequate sanitation, hospitals and clinics, trained medical personnel receiving domestically competitive salaries, and essential drugs;

    • Accessibility - health care must be physically and economically affordable. It must be provided to all on a non-discriminatory basis. Information on how to obtain services must be freely available;

    • Acceptability - all health facilities must be respectful of medical ethics, and they must be culturally appropriate;

    • Quality - health facilities, goods, and services must be scientifically and medically appropriate and of good quality. At a minimum, this requires skilled medical personnel, scientifically approved and unexpired drugs and hospital equipment, safe water and adequate nutrition (within the facility).

As with every human right, the right to health entails the following obligations:

    • Respect - the obligation to respect requires governments to refrain from interfering directly or indirectly with the enjoyment of the right to education;

    • Protect - the obligation to protect requires governments to prevent third parties, such as corporations, from interfering in any way with the enjoyment of the right to education;

    • Fulfill - the obligation to fulfill requires governments to adopt the necessary measures to achieve the full realization of the right to education.

 

Latest news

Alzheimer’s group may scrap early…

The Alzheimer’s Association may not offer an early look at highly sought clinical trial data on an experimental drug from Eli Lilly and Co (LLY.N) after news of the impending release led to a jump in the company’s…

look more

Exercise, Diet, Or Both May…

Women who take part in exercise, diet programs or a combination of the two during pregnancy can prevent excessive weight gain, according to a fresh review of past research.

The review incorporates dozens of new…

look more



Upcoming Events

Legal Study Presentation: The Rights of Persons with…

On June 12, 2014, the American University of Armenia (AUA)’s LL.M. program, in cooperation with the Civil Society Institute, is holding a presentation of the Legal Study on the Rights of Persons with Mental Disorders in…

look more

Call for the training “Human rights in patient…

The “Center for rights development” NGO is pleased to announce a call for the training “Human rights in patient care”, designed for the lawyers. The latter will take place on June 9th , at 13:00, in the Legal clinic…

look more




 
 

Laws and Health


Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (European Convention on Human Rights) as amended by Protocol No. 11 was signed in Rome, 4.XI.1950 by the members of the Council of…

Glossary


Medical malpractice is professional negligence by act or omission by a health care provider in which care provided deviates from accepted standards of practice in the medical community and causes injury to the…

Health Care


Measles has become relatively rare in the United States, thanks to very effective vaccine. A recent outbreak tied to Disneyland has shown that even among some doctors, knowledge of the once-common illness is…

Updates

Enter your email to get notified.

FAQ